gramer / Lazuri grameri / Laz Grammar
Laz is one of the thousands of languages which are insufficiently
described and are in danger of disappearing in one or two generations
if nothing is done to preserve them.
is spoken mainly in small parts of Turkey and Georgia, and forms
with the Mingrelian, the Georgian (or Kartvelian) and the Svan the
Southwest Caucasian languages.
Laz speaking community lives in the most part of Turkey. They form
a compact language area on the Black Sea coast in two counties (il)
of Rize and Artvin; districts (ilçe) of Pazar, Çamlıhemşin,
Ardeşen and Fındıklı in Rize; districts of Arhavi,
Hopa and Borçka in Artvin. There are also great numbers of ««language
islands»» in the Northwest regions of Turkey (Yalova, Karamürsel,
Gölcük, İzmit, Sapanca, Düzce, Akçakoca etc.) since the exodus
of Laz people after the war between the Ottoman Empire and Russia
(1877-1878) from Batumi, Georgia where some Laz villages remain.
a great number of Laz are settled in Istanbul, Ankara and other
cities in Turkey. And it is not rare to meet Laz immigrants in west
European countries like Germany and France.
study has been prepared by two authors: Goichi Kojima a linguist
from Japan- and Ismail Avcı Bucaklişi who is a native
speaker of Laz language born in a village near Pazar town. He
is also one of the authors of the Laz-Turkish Dictionary which was
published in 1999.
compiled words and sentences from the Laz dialects of Pazar, Sapanca
and the village of Tolikçeti in Ardeşen while Kojima continues
fieldwork mainly in the districts of Pazar, Çamlıhemşin,
Ardeşen (except Tolikçeti village where he has not been), Fındıklı,
Arhavi, Hopa and Borçka since 1986.
plan of the study has been conceived by Kojima.
of the chapters have been written, initially in Turkish, jointly
by the two authors. Those concerning the phonetics, phonemics (47.)
and the classification of verbs (11.) have been prepared by the
Bostancı and Goichi Kojima have done the translation into English
of Laz examples. Goichi Kojima has done the description in English
of the Laz language.